pain during sex causes

6 Common Causes of Female Pain During Sex

Pleasure without pain is possible

The causes of female pain during sex vary a lot.

Women have different bodies and sometimes feel spasms in their vaginal muscles. 

This may be due to terror or fear of being hurt, and that’s why they experience painful sexual intercourse. 

Other reasons for female pain during sex include vaginal or yeast infections and lack of lubrication.

Some women in their 30s face the problem of fibroids that can cause immense pain during sexual intercourse.


Similarly, ovarian cysts or PCOD and PCOS can also lead to pain in sex. 

In this post, we’ll discuss some of the causes of female pain during sex.

Finally, we’ll share some useful tips on how to stop or reduce pain during sex.

Let’s dive in.

1. No lubrication

One of the common causes of pain during sex for females is the lack of lubrication.

If the vaginal area is dry instead of wet, or the penis is not lubricated enough, this can cause a lot of pain. 

The best way to avoid this can be to spend more time in foreplay before penetration.

Taking it slowly doesn’t hurt. You can also use a water lube to lubricate. 

Don’t be shy if you need to.

2. Vaginal Yeast Infection

Vaginal yeast infection is also known as vaginal candidiasis.

A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that produces inflammation, secretion, and severe itching of the vagina and vulva.

It affects up to three out of every four women at some point in their lives.

Here’s the thing:

Bacteria and yeast cells can be found in a healthy vagina.

However, when the bacteria-yeast equilibrium shifts, yeast cells can grow. Itchy, swollen, and irritated skin results as a result of this.


If a vaginal yeast infection is not treated, it can cause pain during sex for females.

3. Injury or trauma

Another reason women experience pain during sex is injury.

If your private part has been recently injured, you’ll feel stinging pain during sex.

Take for example surgery.

A pelvic surgery, an accident, a cut, an incision, or severe burns or rashes in your vaginal area can create discomfort and sharp pains during sex.

Allow these injuries to heal first before penetration.

3. Inflammatory skin

If your skin is itchy, irritating, or scratchy and burns with every touch, sex might hurt. Make sure to see your doctor before if that’s the case. 

Eczema and other such problems can also cause painful sex.

4. Post-natal recovery

Post-natal sex is delicate. Sometimes pain during sex after birth could be because you have congenital anomalies. 

For example, a hymen is not fully formed after giving birth. That’s ok and natural. But you should know that penetration can lead to painful sex in that circumstance. 

5. Surgery

One of the causes of pain during sex especially for females is surgery.

If you have had surgery or a medical treatment recently in your private area, then stay away from sexual intercourse. At least for a while till it is fully healed. 

Medical treatments like chemotherapy for treating cancer can also lead to painful sexual intercourse. 

So first stay healthy and recover. And also take the advice of the doctors.


6. Psychological association

Past sexual abuses or horrible experiences are likely to trigger physical pain during sex.

This is a big one and often takes therapy to overcome. 

Other times these negative associations are because of a regular case of anxiety, depression, or panic attacks.

It could even be that you are concerned about your physical appearance and have a severe issue with body image.

Any of those cases can psychologically induce physical pain during sex. 

Also, if you have been a victim of sexual assault and abuse at some point in your life, then sex may bring painful emotions. 

Don’t blame yourself in any of these cases.

Give yourself time to talk to someone, even a sex therapist who can help you rebuild positive associations with sex.

7. Stress

If you’re stressed, sex becomes a chore sometimes.

For women, stress causes the pelvic muscles to tighten and makes penetration difficult. 


The point is: find time to destress in your life if you want to be able to enjoy your sex life. 

Deep breathing and meditation are always great starting points for destressing.


If you are facing all of these problems, take a few tips from our discussion. 

Female pain during sex is a real thing, and the causes vary a lot.

The best course of action is to visit your doctor or physician. And let them know about everything, without hiding any important details from them. 

Remember, they are here to help you, so don’t be embarrassed and be open in front of them.